Royal Crown Family Dental

Stages Of Gum Disease

What Are The Stages Of Gum Disease?

A person’s smile can light up their face, it can change the way another person views you, thus leading to a more relaxed and positive air around you afterward. Your smile says a lot about you as a person.

Most people tend to give their teeth their attention and care and worry less to nothing about their gum. White sparkling teeth aren’t a sign of healthy mouth care, your gum is; because it acts as a barrier that prevents inflammation which may damage your body. Gum disease has, in fact, been connected to health problems like heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and a few others.

You’re going to be seeing some of the stages of gum disease and gum recession stages, as well as how to care for your gum.

Stages of Gum Disease

Different sources have different numbers of stages of gum recession but with similar descriptions. Here, you’re going to be seeing all the stages of gum recession.

The first sign:

Just like every other disease, gum disease also has its signs/symptoms that you would notice. Your teeth would appear fine and healthy and your gum would seem normal. But while eating some foods/fruits, like apples, there would be occasional bleeding and you might need to visit your dentist.


This is the stage of gum disease when you start to notice that there’s something not right. Our mouths contain millions of bacteria and not brushing or flossing with a good technique regularly can cause a sticky substance formed by the bacteria, called plaque, to coat our teeth. This plaque would start to build up, and cause irritation and inflammation which becomes more noticeable in two weeks. At this stage, bleeding would become more frequent than before.

Gingivitis can be broken down into ‘Gingiva’ and ‘Itis’ which mean ‘Gum’ and ‘Inflammation’. Most people have little gingivitis in their mouth because while brushing, we can’t see our teeth. If plaque isn’t cleaned, it hardens and becomes a substance known as tartar (or calculus).

The first type of calculus; Supragingival calculus is a creamy yellow colour substance that gathers at the bottom front of your teeth and happens to people with healthy saliva. Your dentist, periodontist, or hygienist can easily clean it off.

The other type of calculus; Subgingival calculus is a more serious type that is black in colour and forms under the gum. This type is hard for even your dentist to detect.

Early/Initial (Stage 1: Periodontitis):

This stage is a result of untreated gingivitis where you have gum inflammation that would be sore and discoloured due to reduced blood supply. This inflammation can cause damage to the fibers, called the periodontal ligament, that join the root of the teeth to the socket. This damage to the periodontal ligament is permanent and treatment at this stage is called debridement.

Moderate (Stage 2: Periodontitis):

Without debridement, your gum recession progresses to this stage with more damage to the periodontal ligament. At this stage, it starts to become more obvious to the dental team which is, unfortunately, permanent.

Advanced (Stage 3: Periodontitis):

At this stage, the potential to lose your tooth is high. Although you are likely to feel any pain at this stage, you might have bad breath and bad taste, and due to the recession of your gum, your teeth would appear longer. You would also notice your teeth getting shaky/loose.

The one thing that might be painful at this stage is the soreness or abscesses with pus. All treatment options to manage this condition are on the table.

Severe (Stage 4: Periodontitis):

At this stage, you are likely to lose all your teeth and have probably lost a few or several teeth. This stage can lead to other health-related problems like heart attack and diabetes.

It cannot be reversed but can be managed with help from dental specialists, periodontists, and other specialists. At this stage, all teeth are removed and replaced.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Here are things you need to do to prevent gum disease:

Brush and Floss:

Brush at least twice a day and brush your gums gently while brushing your teeth. Brushing helps remove plaque and prevents it from hardening and becoming a calculus.

  • One a soft toothbrush, use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.
  • Brush your teeth in a circular motion at a 45-degree angle up to your gum line.
  • Also in a circular motion, brush the chewing surfaces of your teeth, both down and up.
  • For the inside of your teeth, angle the brush up/down and brush in small circles.
  • From the back of your tongue to the tip, give a few strokes to clean your tongue.
  • Rinse your mouth.

Floss with the same precision as you brush your teeth to get rid of any calculus build-up you might have.

  • Using about an 18-inch strip of floss, wind it around your finger on each hand.
  • With your index finger place the floss between your teeth and be gentle so you don’t injure your gum.
  • Floss between and behind your teeth.

Mouth Wash:

Use antiseptic mouthwash as often as you brush your teeth to kill bacteria and get rid of any plaque buildup. It also prevents cavities and tooth decay. Swish in your mouth for thirty to sixty seconds.


Fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of gum disease as well as promote healthy gums. Sugary and Starchy foods on the other hand can lead to tooth decay.

Quit smoking:

Another reason to quit smoking is to prevent gum disease. Smoking makes it hard for your gum to fight off infection as well as prevents it from healing in case of damage.

Dental care:

Visit your dentist at least twice a year; every six months and for those who have dental problems, at least once every three or four months for a routine dental check-up. Your dentist would be able to get rid of any calculus or plaque you might have but haven’t spotted while brushing as well as advise you on areas to target more while brushing.


When you show signs of gum disease, it is better to treat it at an early stage rather than ignore it. Reach out to Royal Crown Family Dental; Australia’s best clinic for gum disease treatment, for an appointment. They provide several services from preventative dental care to cosmetic and specialised ones.

So, book your appointment now for a check-up.

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